Use of the Cross in Cathedral Services, in Gem of the Soul by Honorius Augustodinus
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
In the early 12th century, Honorius Augustodunensis wrote treatises on the mystical significance of a whole catalogue of things in the natural world. Because his goal was to connect the spiritual with the physical, his writings link the speculative theology of the early middle ages and later theological observations of the natural world. Little is known of who Honorius was: he may have been from Autun or southern Germany. In this manuscript, which may have been copied soon after his death about 1135, has a copy of his treatise on the daily prayer services of monks (divine office) called the Gem of the Soul. It belonged to Rochester cathedral priory and probably was used for study and teaching.
This page has a discussion of the use of the cross in the rituals associated with the divine office in cathedrals (as opposed to monasteries). The note in the left margin marks the beginning of material on 'the sacrifice of Christ' (probably Good Friday) and the procession in which a cross is carried before the archbishop. The manuscript was clearly referred to a great deal, as suggested by the numerous markings and grime on its pages.