Uses Of Plantain, In A Collection Of Medical And Herbal Texts
This manuscript lists herbs and other plants, animals, and birds, and their medicinal uses. Each is illustrated, but the representations were apparently copied from other manuscripts, rather than from life. It would usually be very difficult to identify the subjects of the miniatures without the aid of the text. This manuscript is related to several others, which seem to have been made in the north of England, perhaps Durham.
This miniature shows a man brandishing an axe at a dragon-like adder, and being stung by the tail of a scorpion (which looks more like an eight-legged lizard): Plantain (Plantago) was thought to be a cure for both kinds of poison.