Jonah, in the St.-Omer Psalter
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
Probably first commissioned by a knight of the St Omer family of Mulbarton, Norfolk, c.1325, this psalter was decorated in two campaigns about seventy years apart. The original artists finished the paintings but only part of the decoration. In the early 15th century another artist finished most of it, resulting in combinations of 14th- and 15th-century styles on some pages. The 14th-century artists had left drawings for some of the decoration, which the later artist followed. Where there were no pre-existing drawings, the 15th-century artist modified the general system of the earlier designs and painted single figures or plants in the areas where the earlier artist would have put diminutive story-telling scenes. Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, owned the manuscript in the 15th century and probably had the later work done. Modifying, updating or finishing a manuscript's decoration many years later was not at all uncommon at any period in the middle ages, rather like redecorating or remodelling a house.
One of the 14th-century artists painted the pictures of Jonah which decorate the first letter of Psalm 68 / 69 ("Save me, O God"). The small, circular pictures in the border have 14th-century scenes of Old Testament subjects. At the top, the ark of the covenant is taken into battle against the Philistines (1 Samuel 4). The following scenes show Saul, David and Solomon, ending with the building of Solomon's Temple.