Hyde Park Corner showing the Piccadilly Turnpike
Draughtsman: Salway, Joseph
Medium: Lithograph, coloured
This section of drawing shows the Piccadilly Turnpike at Hype Park Corner, the terminus of one of the ancient highways leading into London. A weighing engine is shown in red ink, indicating that tolls were increased depending on the weight of the vehicle and load. The meticulous nature of these drawings is revealed by the numbered lamp posts, each drawn with a shadow. Private gardens are shown in plan form, revealing the formal designs of lawns and cobblestone paths. St George's Hospital, located opposite the park, was founded in 1733 by a group of Governors from Westminster Hospital who chose Lanesborough House as the building to house their new hospital. Knightsbridge had a reputation for healthiness and they wanted their patients to benefit from the country air.