A View of the Island Fort of Seringapatam
Medium: Etching, coloured
Etching of Seringapatam (Srirangapattana), the capital of Tipu Sultan, the ruler of Mysore, published by D. Orme & Co. in 1792 and part of King George III's Topographical Collection. Located a few kms from Mysore on an island in the River Cauvery (Kaveri), Srirangapattana became famous because of the bloody struggle between the British and Tipu, waged through the Anglo-Mysore Wars, which only ended in 1799 when General Harris captured the town and Tipu died fighting. A progressive and brave administrator, Tipu posed one of the few threats to the British as they expanded their control over India. This view was executed after the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Mysore War, 1789-92, when the British gained victory and imposed harsh terms on Tipu. A note accompanying this view explains that this is 'the Capital of Tippoo Sultan, and in which are contained his Haram and Treasures. The taking of which was the chief object of our military movements during the late war in India. And to save which Tippoo Sultan agreed to pay the expenses of the war, relinquish the most fertile Half of his Territories and gave his two sons as hostages for the performance of the Treaty'.