A View of the City of Quebec, the capital of Canada, taken from the Rock on Point Levi
Artist: Peachy, William
View of the city of Quebec by William Peachy, dated 1785. The city of Quebec developed on the banks of one of the longest rivers in the world- the St Lawrence River. The land here was claimed for France by the explorer Jacques Cartier when he landed here in 1534, but it was not until 1608 that Samuel de Champlain developed the trading post that became Quebec. The city was a prized possession and it was fought over by English and French forces during the 17th and 18th centuries. In 1759 British troops defeated French forces at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham and it became a British colony. Trade in Quebec developed around the fur industry and it was not until the 20th century that this trade started to decline in importance.