A North View of Pisaiack Falls, in the Province of New Jersey in North America
Artist: Davies, T.
View by T. Davis of the Passaic Falls in New Jersey, North America. The Great Falls are the second largest falls in America (only exceeded by Niagara), and stand to a height of approximately 77 feet, and are 280 feet wide. The first recorded Europeans to see the falls two Labadist missionaries in March 1680. In 1778 Alexander Hamilton visited the falls and saw the potential for harnessing the power of the falls to run industrial machinery. In 1791 he founded the town of Paterson nearby and the falls became the nucleus for a burgeoning mill industry. The force of the water at the falls was used to run the first water powered cotton spinning mill.