Conway Castle, North Wales 46 L
Artist: Sarjent, F. I.
Medium: Aquatint, coloured
Conway castle was built by Edward I between 1283 and 1287, as part of his strategy to subdue the Welsh population. The military strength of the castle derives from the fact that it was built on a rocky projection with very high curtain walls to protect it from attack. The castle actually was part of a complex system of town defences- it occupied the eastern corner of an enclosed town, surrounded by a long, high wall built in a roughly triangular shape. Conwy was intended to be the chief borough of Edward I’s principality and significantly was built on the site of the Cistercian Abbey of Aberconwy and venerated burial place of Llywelyn the Great.