Hook Tower at the Entrance of Waterford Harbour
Artist: [Philips, Thomas]
Medium: Ink wash on paper
Drawing of Hook Tower by Thomas Phillips a military engineer. In the 13th century William Marshall, Earl of Pembrokeshire, built a lighthouse to help guide his ships into Waterford harbour. It is thought that an earlier tower with a beacon was built on the same site in the 5th century by a Welsh monk, St. Dubhan. The promontory of Duncannon on which the tower stands, dominates the entrance to the harbour. A lighthouse built in the Victorian period still stands on the site today. The expression ‘by Hook or by Crook’ is associated with this area and is thought to have originated when Cromwell vowed that his armies would take Waterford either by landing at Hook on the eastern side or at Crook on the western side.