Kidwely Castle from the Churchyard
Artist: T. I.
Medium: Aquatint, coloured
Kidwelly Castle in Wales. The stone castle was built on the site of an early 12th century wooden castle built by Roger, Bishop of Salisbury. The site was well placed to receive supplies by both land and sea and the castle was built on a steep ridge on the west bank of the River Gwendraeth. The stone castle was built by the de Chaworth family in the 13th century who were the first to make significant changes to the form of the castle. They improved the castles defences making it concentric in design and adding a large gatehouse at the southern end of the castle, a square inner ward and four large round towers. The castle was altered again by Henry Earl of Lancaster who improved the living accommodations and built the chapel. In the 14th century the stone curtain wall was constructed and then in the 15th century the final building work was carried out with the addition of a large hall, connecting the kitchen and the inner ward.