North-east view of the Abbey Church of Saint Peter, Westminster
Engraver: Reeve, R
Westminster Abbey was founded as a monastic house by Edward the Confessor and consecrated in AD1065. This early association with nobility saw the abbey showered with gifts of land, and the building was beautified by successive medieval kings (becoming the royal burial place). It was rebuilt in the 13th century in French- gothic style, with a nave of great height, flying buttresses and rose windows. The monastery was dissolved by Henry VIII in 1540 and the abbey became the cathedral of the new diocese of Westminster. The cathedral has been repaired many times, notably by Christopher Wren and Nicholas Hawksmoor in the late 17th century.