[View of the West Front of Gibraltar showing the fortifications below]
Medium: Pen and ink on paper
An early 18th century sketch of the west front of Gibraltar. The city of Gibraltar was founded in 1160 by Abd-al-Mummin, Sultan of Morocco, who wanted his own base on the Iberian Peninsula, and built a Moorish castle here. It was captured for the Spanish Crown during the Christian Reconquest of Spain in the late 15th century. By the time this picture was taken in c.1710, it had been captured by a British-Dutch army since 1704. It was not ceded by the Spanish until the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. It occupied an important position at the gateway to the Mediterranean and became an important centre of trade between Europe and North Africa.