St Alban's Abbey, Hertfordshire
Artist: Arnold, G.
St Albans Cathedral, depicted in this print, is situated upon a hill overlooking the valley of the River Ver. A Benedictine Abbey was founded here in the 8th century by King Offa of Mercia. The Abbey would originally have been built from timber and in the 10th century the church was renovated in just eleven years by Abbot Paul of Caen who used the remains of the nearby Roman city of Verulamium as building materials. In the 19th century Lord Grimthorpe renovated the Cathedral at his own expense. The work was much criticised and now 'to grimthorpe' is a verb used to describe the mutilation of an historic building under the guise of renovation. The Abbey became a Cathedral in the late 19th century.