South & East Fronts of the Royal Palace of Hampton Court
Engraver: Jukes, Francis
This view shows the south and east facades of the seventeenth century Royal State Apartments at Hampton Court Palace. The apartments were built for King William III and Queen Mary II who felt that the Tudor Palace was outdated. They wanted a more modern Palace for their principal residence and they appointed Christopher Wren to design the new apartments. The Royal lodgings of Henry VIII were demolished and the new courtyard was built in a regular, classical, symmetrical style reminiscent of the Palace of Versailles in France. Inside the traditional form was preserved, there was no hall and the rooms lead from one another in a hierarchical succession. Although Wren did use brick for his new palace however the facades were built from Portland Stone. Unfortunately Queen Mary died from smallpox in 1694 and never lived in her new Palace. The building work was completed in 1694 at a total cost of £113,000 an astronomical price for the time, to which many people objected, and to make matters worse the new apartments had still to be decorated.