South View of Stirling Castle 96.g
Artist: Farington, J.
View of Stirling Castle in Scotland. Stirling Castle is well defended on three sides by the 250 foot high rock on which it stands. The natural approach to the castle, and its weakest side, is from the south. A castle was built here by King Alexander I in the early 12th century and later Stirling was one of five Scottish castles passed over to the English King, Henry II, in payment for the release of Scottish King, William I, ‘The Lion’. Stirling Castle has been the centre of many defining battles in Scottish history- William Wallace’s victory at Stirling Bridge in 1297 and Robert the Bruce’s victory over English troops at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314.