South View of Stirling Castle 96.h
Artist: Farington, J.
Medium: Aquatint, coloured
View of Stirling Castle in Scotland. Stirling Castle is strategically situated on the principal road which links northern and southern Scotland. The site has been fortified for hundreds of years and the castle had a important role in the Scottish Wars of Independence. In 1304 it was the last castle to surrender to the English. The English King Edward I mounted a 3 month siege against the castle until the Scottish defenders were forced to surrender by starvation. Stirling castle was held by English troops for the following 10 years. However in 1324 it was again regained for Scotland by Robert the Bruce at the Battle of Bannockburn, marking a decisive victory for Scottish independence.