Staten Island 29.d
Artist: Bellew, Captain
Staten Island is separated from Long Island by a tidal straight named ‘The Narrows’. This straight connects the upper and lower sections of the Bay and was historically the most important entrance to the harbour. Staten Island was settled by Dutch colonists in the 17th century. There were many conflicts between the colonists and the native Americans but a permanent settlement was established in 1661 at Oude Dorp. In 1664 British forces took control of the island and it was renamed Richmond Island in honour of James, the Duke of Richmond, the brother of King Charles I; now both names are used interchangeably.