The town and cathedral of Carlisle
Watercolour depicting the town and cathedral of Carlisle in Northern England. The town is situated less than ten miles from the boarder between England and Wales made it strategically very important. It is thought that there was a pre-historic settlement here and that a Roman fort was built to protect the northern borders of the realm. Henry Skrine in his work ‘Three Successive Tours in the North of England’, published in 1813, wrote the following lines about Carlisle “… few cities would make a neater appearance. It is walled entirely round; and its castle fronts the north, on an eminence above the River Eden, to defend the city against any attack from its restless neighbours, the Scotch. Being now useless, little remains except the gateway, and a ruined tower, in which Mary Queen of Scots was confined”.