Upnor Castle Kent 1780
Medium: Watercolour with pen and ink
View of Upnor Castle in Kent. Its purpose was to protect the growing Chatham Dockyard nearby, from any seaborne attack which came from foreign ships up the River Medway. It was built by command of Elizabeth I and is a Tudor 'blockhouse' rather than a castle. It is a rectangular block with a pointed bastion jutting out into the River, with two small towers at either end of the riverside wall. It was designed by Sir Richard Lee, who was one of the best military architects of his time. The castle was strengthened in 1599-1601 when the bastion was raised and surrounded by a protective timber palisade. In 1688 it was heightened and converted into a store and magazine.