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View of St Alban's Abbey

View of St Alban's Abbey

Artist: Arnold, G.

Medium: Aquatint, coloured

Date: 1798

Shelfmark: K top Vol 15

Item number: 49.n

Length: 39.7

Width: 51.7

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Topographical Print

St Albans Cathedral in Hertfordshire. The hill upon which the cathedral stands, overlooks the valley of the River Ver and the remains of the Roman city of Verulamium. An Abbey was established here by Offa, King of Mercia in 793 who took advantage of an already existing religious community here who venerated the site where St Alban had been martyred in about the year 303. The Abbey became one of the wealthiest and most powerful of Benedictine houses in England and in the 11th century it was rebuilt and extended. Much of this work is still visible and the Abbey is one of the most important examples of Norman architecture in England. The monastic community at the Abbey was dissolved durind the Reformation of the 16th century but the buildings survived and were used as the local parish church from 1553. The buildings slowly deteriorated and were renovated, with much criticism of the wrok, in the 19th century. The Abbey became a Cathedral in 1877.

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