View of Sion House from the banks of the Thames
Engraver: Hassell, John
Syon house has been the seat of the Percy family, the Dukes of Northumberland, since the 16th century. An important aristocratic house, many monarchs and their families visited here. The Tudor-era house was remodelled over the years, first by Inigo Jones in the early 17th century and then more comprehensively in the 1760s by Robert Adams. Adams worked with the original layout (square building set around a courtyard) to produce a magnificent suite of rooms, which were then lavishly decorated. The gardens were also famous, the 16th-century formal garden layout being replaced by the open landscaping of Lancelot 'Capability' Brown in the mid-18th century.