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View of Melross Abbey

View of Melross Abbey

Artist: Catton, Charles

Medium: Aquatint, coloured

Date: 1798

Shelfmark: Ktop L

Item number: 92.a

Genre: Topographical Print

Melrose Abbey was founded in 1136 by King David I for the Cistercian Order, however ecclestical buildings had stood on this site close to the River Tweed, since the 7th century when St Aiden of Lindisfarne brought a community of monks here from the monastery on Iona. Because of its proximity to the border between England and Scotland, Melrose Abbey frequently suffered at the hands of invading English armies. In 1322 Edward II desecrated and burnt the abbey, it was rebuilt only to be attacked again in 1385 when Richard II of England destroyed it. Melrose Abbey was again completely rebuilt, this time in a highly decorated gothic architectural style- a process which took over 100 years. The Abbey was eventually dissolved during the Reformation of the 16th century.

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