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View of Charles Fort at Kingsale

View of Charles Fort at Kingsale

Artist: Unknown

Medium: Watercolour

Date: 1690

Shelfmark: Ktop LII

Item number: 37

Genre: Topographical Drawing

Kinsale is located in the south of Ireland in the county of Cork. Charles Fort was constructed in 1677 and had five projecting strongholds or bastions which made up its distinctive star shape. Two forts face the sea and defend the harbour- the Devil’s Bastion and Charles’ Bastion - these can be clearly seen in this picture. There are also three bastions which face the land- the North, Flagstaff and the Cockpit. William Robinson, the architect of the Royal Hospital in Dublin is believed to have designed the Fort. Richard Pococke (1704-1765) wrote the following words about Kinsale, when he journey there in 1752,
‘It is a very fine harbour and there is a great resort of Ships in time of war, and this is the only place in Ireland for refitting the King’s Ships. The harbour is defended by a Strong Fort called Charles’s Fort. The resort to this place is so great in time of war, that their leases pay double rent…’

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