View of the Rocks at Pesiac in East Jersey
Artist: Hamilton, Henry
View of the Passaic Falls in Northern America. The first recorded Europeans to see the falls two Labadist missionaries in March 1680. The area was used by native Americans as a hunting ground for fish but became a popular destination for travellers until the falls at Niagara were made more accessible. In 1778 Alexander Hamilton visited the falls and saw the potential for harnessing the power of the falls to run industrial machinery. In 1791 he founded the town of Paterson nearby and the falls became the nucleus for a burgeoning mill industry. The force of the water at the falls was used to run the first water powered cotton spinning mill.