West View of Blackness Castle
Medium: Ink wash on paper
Blackness Castle is situated on the Firth of Forth and was of great strategic importance in protecting the old port of Linlithgow. The stone castle in this print was built in the 15th century by George Crichton, Earl of Cathiness after previous structures here had been attacked and burnt. In the 16th century it was strengthened making it one of the most formidable fortifications in Scotland. The walls of the South Tower were strengthened and consequently stood 5 ½ meters thick with openings through with artillery could be fired. In the 18th century the castle became a prison during the wars with france and in the 19th century was the principal ammunition store for the Scottish military.