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Spalding 12

Spalding 12

Draughtsman: [Yeakell, Thomas Jr.]

Medium: Pen and ink on paper

Date: 1815

Shelfmark: OSD 272

Item number: 12

Length: 43

Width: 29

Genre: Map

Map scale ratio: 2 '' : 1 Mile (1 : 31680)

This drawing covers part of Lincolnshire, showing drains across the fens highlighted in blue. These date from the 17th century, when James I appointed Dutch engineer Cornelius Vermuyden to direct the drainage of the wetlands. Many local people opposed the scheme as the plan involved commonland on which they grazed cattle. As a result of Vermuyden's work, the fens changed radically in appearance, from an area of flooded marshes to one of extensively farmed agricultural land. In the middle of the sheet is a series of decoy ponds, built in the 17th and 18th centuries to lure wildlife.

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