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Draughtsman: Budgen, Charles

Medium: Pen and ink on paper

Date: 1819

Shelfmark: OSD 280

Item number: 13

Length: 36

Width: 31

Genre: Map

Map scale ratio: 2 '' : 1 Mile (1 : 31680)

This drawing covers part of the Lincolnshire coast. It shows sand dunes and silt and the navigable portion off the coast known as the Boston Deeps on the right of the sheet. Canals and dykes are a manmade feature of the East Fen and are highlighted in blue towards the left of the plan. These date from the 17th century, when James I appointed Dutch engineer Cornelius Vermuyden to direct the drainage of the fens wetlands. Many local people opposed the scheme as the plan involved commonland on which they grazed cattle. As a result of Vermuyden's work, the Fens changed radically in appearance, from an area of flooded marshes to one of extensively farmed agricultural land.

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