Photographer: Eadweard Muybridge
'Baboon walking on all fours, 1872-85'
Eadweard Muybridge was born in Kingston upon Thames in 1830. He left in his early 20s to make a fortune in America.
It was in San Francisco where his interest in photography took off. He sold views of the Yosemite Valley and San Francisco Bay and his fame as a landscape photographer began to spread.
In the early 1870s, Muybridge used multiple cameras to create a sequence of instantaneous views of galloping horses, proving for the first time that all four feet briefly left the ground when moving from a trot to a gallop.
His work was continued in the following decade with the support of the University of Pennsylvania, which in 1887 published 11 massive volumes of his movement studies, comprising over 20,000 individual images.
From Eadweard Muybridge, Animal Locomotion: an electro-photographic investigation of consecutive phases of animal movement (11 vols., Philadelphia, 1887)