Butterton farm, near Herne Bay
Herne Bay was officially detached from the ancient parish of Herne in 1833 by Act of Parliament. This was an acknowledgement both of the area's growing population and the relatively safe coaching service that ran people and goods into London. In 1820, a tollgate was established here on the turnpike road from London to Canterbury. The bay has become famous for its sunsets, looking across the Thames estuary towards the Isle of Sheppey, and also for its sometime violent sea conditions. JM Turner - a connoisseur of light and water - visited the area many times, making sketches that he would expand into fuller works.