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Castlehill & moat at Oxford

Castlehill & moat at Oxford

Artist: Grimm, Samuel Hieronymous

Medium: Ink on paper

Date: 1781

Shelfmark: Additional MS 15546

Item number: f.27

Length: 36.6

Width: 53.9

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Manuscript

View of the mound or motte of the castle at Oxford. This was probably the work of Robert Doyly, who had the first castle built in 1071. The mound is about 250 ft in diameter and about 64 feet in height. It originally had a shell keep on it but, as this view shows, the keep had been destroyed and replaced by a ring of decorative trees on top of the mound. There is also a 13th century well in the mound. By the late 18th century, St George's Tower, was the only remaining tower of the curtain wall. By this time the usage of the castle had also changed: the county assizes met here and the remains of the castle served as the county gaol.

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