Artist: Buckler, John Chessell
Medium: Pencil on paper
The Deanery was built in 1507 from red sandstone. The tower seen in this drawing, to which the house is attached, is a Pele tower, an architectural feature unique to this part of northern England. Edward I (r. 1272-1307), determined to impose English rule upon Scotland, made Carlisle his main strategic base. From here, he fought a long and bitter campaign, which resulted in many revenge attacks by the Scots on Cumbria. In response, local people built Pele towers, about 90 in total across the region, as a form of defence. They could withstand short sieges and contained enough room for storage purposes and livestock, as well as being suitable to conduct warfare against the aggressors.