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Caernarfon Castle f.159

Caernarfon Castle f.159

Artist: Buckler, John Chessell

Medium: Pencil on paper

Date: 1810

Shelfmark: Additional MS 36396

Item number: f.159

Length: 26.1

Width: 35.1

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Topographical Drawing

Edward I built his castle on the mouth of the River Seiont in 1283 at the same time as he founded the town of Caernarvon. Its symbolic status was reinforced when his son, the first English Prince of Wales, was born here in the following year. The design of the castle was, reputedly, based on the Roman fort of Segontium, which stood above the old town. The towers were constructed in an angular fashion rather than the traditional rounded form, and the use of different coloured stone in the tower walls copy the design of the city walls of Constantinople. Edward I was obviously making a point about his power by employing such symbolism, and the ring of castles he erected in this area represent one of the most ambitious medieval building plans in the whole of Europe.

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