Carisbrooke Castle Gateway, Isle of Wight
Artist: Buckler, John Chessell
Carisbrooke Castle was the dominant defensive position on the Isle of Wight for more than 600 years. It stands aloft a hilltop, overlooking Newport to the south, on the site of an 11th-century timber fort. Building began on the current castle in 1100 when the island came into the possession of the de Redvers family.
At the end of the 13th century, the castle was strengthened and passed to the crown. When England became threatened by potential invasion from France and Spain in the 1580s, the island became hugely significant in the defence of the realm.
Legend goes that when Charles I was imprisoned here in 1647 during the Civil War, an attempt to escape failed when he became wedged between the bars of the window in his cell.