Caernarfon Castle f.53
Artist: Blore, Edward
Medium: Pencil on paper
Construction of the castle began in 1283 when Edward I chose the town of Caernarfon as the seat of government of his Welsh lands. Its symbolic status of English dominance over the Welsh was further emphasised when Edward ensured that his son, the first English Prince of Wales, was born within the castle walls. The castle was built on the shoreline of the Menai Strait, which separates north Wales from Anglesey and was therefore an important strategic location.
In 1294 the Welsh revolted against Edward's control of the region and breached the town walls. The ditch surrounding the castle was easily crossed and much damage was inflicted on the defences. Edward then instructed a second building phase which, when finished, added greatly to the castle's awesome strength.