Durham, Framwellgate Bridge f.214
Artist: Grimm, Samuel Hieronymus
Medium: Ink wash on paper
There has been a bridge on this spot since the early 12th century. In 1400 the original structure was damaged by floods and was rebuilt with three stone arches, fortifications and a gatehouse at the east end, entering the city. The gatehouse and fortifications were removed by 1760 to make the road approach wider, and in 1856 the bridge itself was substantially widened.
Over the years the bridge witnessed many notable events in Durham’s history, including the murder in 1318 of the Bishop’s steward Richard Fitzmarmaduke by his cousin Ralph Neville, who was popularly though insultingly known as the Peacock of the North. The murder took place on the bridge itself and was the final result of a long standing quarrel between these two wealthy men.