Lumley Castle, back front
Artist: Grimm, Samuel Hieronymus
Medium: Ink wash on paper
The castle was founded by Sir Ralph Lumley in 1388. After Sir Ralph was released from imprisonment by the Scots he petitioned the Bishop of Durham to allow him to convert his ancestors' manor house into a castle. Many castles were established in this area to defend England from the King of Scotland and his armies.
Soon afterwards Sir Ralph was involved in the conspiracy to overthrow Henry IV and replace him with Richard II, a coup that failed and led to Sir Ralph and his son Thomas being arrested. They were both executed in 1400.