Lincoln Cathedral, near the chapterhouse
Artist: Grimm, Samuel Hieronymus
Medium: Ink wash on paper
A view in ink of buildings near the chapterhouse at Lincoln Cathedral. The chapterhouse was built as a meeting hall for assemblies and discussion. Constructed between 1230 and 1250, it was the first to be built with a vaulted ceiling and umbrella-spoke roof supported on a strong heavy central column, with buttressed polygonal walls spreading the load.
The building has excellent acoustics and parliament assembled here several times in the 14th century. In 1301, Edward I used this venue to declare his fourth son, Edward of Caernarvon (later Edward II), as the first English Prince of Wales. In 1536 the chapterhouse was used for meetings by the church and the members of the Lincolnshire Uprising about the anti-monestic edicts of Henry VIII. A crowd of about 10,000 people descending on the Lincoln area in protest. An ugly scene ensued, but much of the mob drifted away when troops were called out. Almost a hundred people were eventually executed for their part in the protest.