Artist: Grimm, Samuel Hieronymus
Medium: Ink on paper
Newark has been settled since Bronze Age times and its situation beside a river and fertile land explains its geographical importance. A castle has stood on this site from the late 11th century. In 1130 Alexander the Magnificent, Bishop of Lincoln and Lord of the Manor of Newark, built the present castle. During the Civil War the castle was a Royalist stronghold. When the king ordered its surrender the Newark inhabitants were told to dismantle all siegeworks including the castle itself. Today only a fifth of the original building survives, but what remains has been greatly restored..