Artist: Grimm, Samuel Hieronymus
Medium: Ink on paper
Nottingham Castle dates back to the13th century. During the reigns of Henry VII (1485-1509), and Henry VIII (1509-1547), the castle was the principal fortress in the Midlands. By the mid-16th century however, the building was beginning to fall into a state of disrepair. During the Civil War (1642-1646), it was a stronghold for the Parliamentarians and suffered further damage from Royalist attacks.
The site was bought in 1663 by William Cavendish, the first Duke of Newcastle, who set about renovating it into a stately home, but he died before its completion.
During the Reform Bill riots of 1831, the castle was seriously damaged and had to be virtually rebuilt in the 1870s, after which it became the first municipal museum of art in England.