PROSPETTIVA DEL GIARDINO PONTIFICIO SV'L QVIRINALE
Illustrator: Falta, Giovanni Battista
This illustration comes from Giovanni Battista Falda’s 1670 book of gardens in Rome: ‘Li Giardini di Roma’. It shows the Duke of Parma’s garden on the Palatine Mount looking towards the Campo Vaccino.
The revived classical style was marked by orderliness, symmetry, and carefully observed proportions. These principles were reflected in garden design, which came to be seen as an extension of the architecture of the house. Gardens were compartmentalised into a series of ‘rooms’ with different uses or themes. Statues lined the pathways between as if they stood in hallways.
The head gardener’s traditional practices became subordinated to the grander visions of garden design, just as the ancient authority of the master mason had been usurped by a new breed of builder: the gentleman architect.
Classical style imposed order on unruly Nature. It paralleled the new relationship with the world emerging from the rise of science based on observation and experiment rather than superstition and religious dogma.