St Vincent's Rock and the River Avon
Artist: Grimm, Samuel Hieronymus
Medium: Ink on paper
In the 17th and 18th centuries Hotwells, near Bristol, became a popular resort due to the spring waters found here. St Vincent's Rock was the site of the largest spring. Water at this spot reached a temperature of 76 degrees celsius and emerged at a rate of 60 gallons per minute.
By the end of the 18th century the popularity of the resort had declined. There had been increasing frequency of water contamination, in some cases leading to fatalities. Bath, situated only 12 miles away, as well as offering its visitors spa-waters, had many other attractions and was a town of refined distinction. Hotwells could not compete and gradually the holiday businesses either became bankrupt or closed down completely.