The Thames At Chelsea Hospital, London, c.1830
Artist: Scharf, George senior
Medium: Pencil on paper
This drawing depicts Chelsea Hospital seen from the Thames, and includes a plan of the area.
The Royal Hospital Chelsea was founded by King Charles II in 1682 as a refuge for soldiers of the army who had become unfit for duty, either after 20 years service or as a result of injury. On entering the Hospital an old soldier surrendered his army pension in return for board, lodging, clothing and medical care. The residents wore distinctive scarlet coats and black tricorn hats and would have been immediately recognisable.The hospital buildings have not escaped attack from enemy forces, being bombed in 1918 and 1945.