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A Plan of "the castell of Carliell, xx. feete in thinche;" drawn temp. Henry VIII

A Plan of

Draughtsman: Unknown

Date: 1543

Shelfmark: Cotton Augustus I.i

Item number: f.11

Length: 50.4

Width: 95.1

Scale: Centimetres

This is an architectural plan of Carlisle Castle, drawn in about 1543. It is interesting as it shows a proposal by Stefan Von Haschenburg for alterations to the castle. Haschenburg, master of the King’s works in Carlisle, was keen to enhance the castles ability to mount artillery for outward defence. Good relations between England and Scotland were eroded after Henry VIII’s request to his nephew, James V of Scotland, to break from the Catholic Church as he had done, was ignored. The 1542 Battle of Solway Moss in which the English triumphed followed. The continuing tension between England and Scotland had great significance for Carlisle, located on the Anglo Scottish border and focused attention on Carlisle’s defensive shortfalls. The proposed half moon battery is shown here. This was a stone bulwark positioned directly in front of the Captain’s Tower into the inner bailey. It was built down into the inner moat which runs north to south inside the castle, providing two levels of fire; from its parapet via embrasures and from openings in an inner passage at the level of the bottom moat. Two small circular bulwarks can also be seen in this drawing, located in the outer moat on the castle’s east side. These were only single level structures with six gun ports each for handgun.

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