A coloured plan or bird's eye view of a fort, entitled "The rock in the islet fortified"
Cartographer: Ivey, Paul
Medium: Ink and pigments on vellum
This is a drawing of Elizabeth I's castle in St Helier, Jersey dating from 1594-5. It is the work of Paul Ivey, the leading fortification consultant of the later half of Elizabeth I’s reign. Elizabeth castle is unusual in the respect that it was one of very few completely new fortifications built during the reign of Elizabeth I, designed by a known engineer for which a plan survives. The plan is concerned with the refortification of the castle and is remarkably accurate, resembling closely the original parts of the executed work, such as the closeness of the retaining wall to the edge of the land on which the castle is built.
The need for refortification during this period was due to the possibility that Spain may invade England. Raids on transatlantic shipping by English seamen such as Francis Drake and England’s support of the Protestant rebellion in the Spanish ruled Netherlands induced the Catholic Philip II to invade. Although the Spanish Armada was defeated by the English, England remained at war with Spain for many years and further attempts to invade were made by Philip of Spain with a ‘second Armada’ dispersed in October 1596.