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Ambleteuse Harbour [before fortification], France

Ambleteuse Harbour [before fortification], France

Cartographer: [Rogers, John ]

Date: 1546

Shelfmark: Cotton Augustus I.i

Item number: f.59

Length: 79.8

Width: 54.7

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Map

This is a preliminary plan of Ambleteuse harbour, France, showing the area before the fortification works were planned and undertaken. It dates from 1546. It is likely that it is the work of the military engineer John Rogers. Trained as a mason, probably at Hampton Court Rogers worked for Henry VIII making plans and designs for the improvement of royal buildings and defence fortifications. The decision to fortify the inlet at Ambleteuse was partly to halt any French attempt to land troops there and also to provide an alternative harbour that was not overlooked by enemy fire. When the works began the Earl of Hertford, who was the king’s ‘lieutenant in parts beyond the sea’ travelled to Ambelteuse to over see the work and with him went John Rogers, Sir Richard Lee and Sir Thomas Wyatt. Henry’s desire was for a fortress with five bastions which lead to great debate over whether the land could take the weight and the suggestion of a four bastioned fort instead. Finally five bastions were decided upon but decay of the building works meant that Ambleteuse was captured without difficulty by the French in 1549.This map shows the coast line with the cliffs, inlets and sands marked. The settlement of Ambleteuse is presented generically with the location of the church noted.

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