Cartographer: Rossetti, Giovan
Medium: Ink and tempera on parchment
This is a map of Guise near Calais, France, dating from around 1543. At this time England was once more at war with France. The draughtsman of this map is the Italian, Giovan Rossetti, who entered English employ in 1543. Henry VIII is know to have employed several Italian engineers in the 1540s. Guise was never English territory, remaining in French hands throughout. This is in fact a spy map. It shows France’s Italianate fortification in Guise and is likely to have been Henry VIII’s impetus for their adoption in England. Italianate structures were began at Tynemouth in around 1545 under the supervision of Italian military engineers.