ANGLIAE, SCOTIAE ET HIBERNIAE, SIVE BRITANNICAR: INSULARUM DECSRIPTIO
Cartographer: Ortelius, Abaham
This image of the British Isles is the work of Abraham Ortelius. It was published in 1570 in Antwerp . It is based on the large scale map by Gerard Mercator,(1564) with whom Ortelius was friends. Mercator’s map of 1564 is significant as the outline of Wales is considerably improved with the Bay of Cardigan shown for the very first time and Scotland is more accurately represented than previously, so much so that it remains unchanged on subsequent maps for the next 100 years. Ortelius acknowledges Mercator’s achievements in his atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Ortelius was not an engraver, preparing only a few maps himself, but was an entrepreneurial map dealer, a collector of coins, a traveller and correspondent. Ortelius was the first publishers to have latest maps from the best sources engraved to a uniform size in an atlas. So impressive was his atlas that it lead to over a century of Dutch supremacy in the field of cartographical production.
This image of the British Isles is notable for its sophisticated style of engraving rather than for any advancement in knowledge of the geography of the British Isles.