Cartographer: Rudd, John
Medium: Ink on parchment
This is a manuscript map of County Durham. It forms part of an atlas that belonged to William Cecil Lord Burghley, Elizabeth I’s Secretary of State. Burghley used this atlas to illustrate domestic matters. The map dates from 1569 and is by John Rudd, the man to whom Christopher Saxton was an apprentice to in 1570. John Rudd was Vicar of Dewsbury from 1554 to 1570. Rudd had a keen interest in cartography and had been engaged in the 1550s in making a "platt" of England. In 1561 Rudd was granted leave to travel further to map the country and it is likely that Saxton accompanied him, acquiring his skills for surveying. This map is contemporary with the uprising of the northern peers in defence of Mary Queen of Scotts. A dotted line inserted on the map between the end of one river tributary and the start of another neatly illustrates how they were used as communication routes, the fastest way to transport men and arms. Knowledge of breaks in this route system was essential.