Cartographer: Borough, William
Medium: Ink and tempera on parchment
This is a map of Dover Harbour dating from between 1585 and1592. It has been attributed to William Borough, a navigator and Comptroller of the Navy. By the start of the reign of Elizabeth I Dover was in need of restoration and Borough was appointed to report on the state of harbour in 1576 by Sir Francis Walsingham. The layout of the harbour is shown in detail and records the existence of the pent, built in 1583, and jetties and groynes which Paul Ivey and Robert Stickells consulted upon in 1584 -1585. The inclusion of these details allows a date no earlier than 1583 to be attributed. The drawing does not include a wall running down from the corner of the pent to the harbour mouth which was added in 1592, establishing 1592 as the latest date possible for this map to have been drawn.