Cartographer: Bodley, Josias
Medium: Ink and tempera on parchment
This is a map of Galway dating from 1611. It is drawn to a scale of one inch to a mile but despite this, aspects of the landscape are represented in a pictorial style, such as relief which is indicated by hills drawn in profile. Such juxtapositions show how pictorial representation was not seen as incompatible with mathematical accuracy by draughtsmen of this period. This map is by Sir Josias Bodley an engineer by training who held the offices of Superintendent of Castles and Director-General of Fortifications in Chichester and had, in 1609, been the main surveyor in the first major attempt to calculate the size of the confiscated territories of Ulster. Galway is shown here as a walled town with gates and towers at intervals and a church in the centre. Red lines emanate from the corners of the town, indicating directions “South and by East”. Cannons are indicated to the north of the town, outside the main gateway.